Equal to 40 % of individuals who drink heavily have symptoms that resemble a depressive sickness. All the same, when these same individuals are not drinking heavy, only 5% of men and 10% of woman have symptoms fitting the diagnostic standards for depression – not that different from the ranges of depression in the general population.
Approximately 5 to 10%of individuals with a depressive illness likewise have symptoms of an alcohol issue. Both alcohol troubles and depression are exceedingly common. They might occur conjointly or completely independently. Individuals with depression occasionally utilize alcohol as a form of self-medication, for instance, either in an endeavor to cheer themselves up, or occasionally to help them sleep. While in small quantities alcohol may briefly elevate mood, if used to try to cope with a depressive illness, troubles come up. Whether taken to address a depression or not, it produces a downer effect on people’s mood. Depression may lead to thoughts of suicide. The lack of self discipline, compromised judgment and impulsivity from the alcohol may increase the chances of an individual attempting suicide. Typically, a much greater incidence of suicide, both completed and attempted, is affiliated with alcohol. The basic problems of depression and alcohol are often complicated by social troubles. Alcohol may often lead to problems at work in the form of absenteeism, illness and under functioning. The loss of an occupation has a heavy negative impact on an individual’s financial condition and family life. Marital troubles frequently arise because of an alcohol issue, although it might be difficult to say which began first. Alcohol may also induce a big number of physical problems. Few, if any organs in the body are spared. Liver troubles generally arise from heavy alcohol intake and may take the form of jaundice resulting from hepatitis, cirrhosis of the liver or liver failure. Uncurbed these will lead to death. A few antidepressants are tranquilizing. If they’re taken with alcohol, an individual can be severely sedated and at risk of their breathing ceasing. To boot, numerous antidepressants are broken down in the liver. Because alcohol may damage the liver, the levels of these antidepressants in the body will be greater in individuals who are also drinking heavy. This may lead to an increase in side effects from the antidepressants.
The state of affairs is further complicated as heavy alcohol intake may lead to depression. As a result, its normal practice to deal with the alcohol issue first and see if the depression gets better. If it doesn’t, the particular treatment for the depression would be started. Treatment with a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressant may better both depression and an alcohol issue. This might point towards a common cause for concern.